Embedded ICs – Definition And Applications
An embedded IC (Integrated Circuit) is a microchip-sized electronic circuit that contains all the components necessary for a particular application. These components can include transistors, resistors, capacitors, microprocessors, and more. Embedded ICs are found in a wide variety of applications, such as automotive electronics, home appliances, cell phones, and medical equipment. They are often used to control complex tasks or to provide higher levels of performance.
The working principle of an embedded IC is that it can be programmed to perform specific tasks. This is accomplished by programming the IC with instructions, which can be done either by burning a custom-made program onto the IC or by using a programming language. The instructions are then executed by the IC, which can perform the desired task. Depending on the application, the IC may also be able to interact with other components in the system, such as sensors, motors, and actuators.